Oral and dental health problems are an important part of your overall wellbeing and health. Poor oral hygiene has been linked with several health problems including diabetes, cancer, and heart disease. Moreover, it can lead to gum disease and dental cavities. The earlier you learn proper habits of oral hygiene, for example, regular brushing, flossing, and avoiding sugar, it will prevent long-term issues of health and costly dental procedures. Taking proper care of your teeth and gums is a lifelong commitment.
According to the World Health Organization gum disease and dental cavities are very common. 60 to 90 percent of children in school have at least one dental cavity and almost 100 percent of adults have one dental cavity, at least. 30 percent of people aged between 65 to 74 years around the world do not have any natural teeth left. Moreover, in most countries, there are between 1 to 10 cases of oral cancers out of every 100,000 people. Disadvantaged and poor population groups suffer from oral disease much higher.
What steps can you take to keep your teeth healthy?
Oral and dental diseases can be reduced greatly by:
- Brushing at least twice a day with a fluoride toothpaste
- Flossing at least once every day
- Decreasing sugar intake
- Eating a diet rich in vegetables and fruits
- Avoiding products containing tobacco
- Visiting a dentist regularly
Early signs of dental trouble
One of the most common signs of dental trouble is soreness and discomfort that typically stems from a toothache. Toothache either indicates a cavity or in some cases gum disease. If the tooth is not treated early on, it is at risk of dying; don’t wait until the pain worsens to seek professional help.
If your teeth hurt while having cold or hot beverages, it is a sign that you may have sensitive teeth. The treatment of sensitive teeth depends on the severity and source of discomfort you are experiencing.
Sore and bleeding gums
The issue of sore and bleeding gums can be diagnosed as different symptoms of brushing aggressively, starting a new technique of flossing, or gum disease. Bleeding and sore gums are a sign of dental trouble, schedule an appointment with your dentist if you experience any of these dental problems.
If sores in the mouth, for example, candidiasis, leukoplakia, or canker sores last for longer than a few weeks need to be examined by your dentist. The symptoms of mouth sores vary depending on the severity and cause of the problem. Mouth sores are usually caused because of the sharp edges of a broken filling or tooth, irritation caused by dentures and braces, infection from fungus, viruses, or bacteria, or because of a disease or disorder.
Bad breath is essentially caused because of the foods you eat and not cleaning your mouth properly. Other causes of bad breath include medical conditions, smoking, or dry mouth. It can be treated by brushing and flossing regularly. If the bad breath still persists, it is a warning sign of gum disease.
Saliva acts as a primary defense against tooth decay. Dry mouth is usually caused either as a side effect of medications or a medical disorder.
Discolored or stained teeth
Drinking tea, coffee, certain medications, aging, smoking, injury or genetics often result in stained teeth over time. However, visiting a dentist can help return teeth to their natural color.